Amendment 7

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
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Explanation:  If you are accused of a crime, you have the right to have a trial determined by the jury. If you are not guilty, no one can take you to court again for that same crime that you were accused of.
Example:   When he was accused of his crimes, O.J. Simpson had a trial by jury.

Amendment 8

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
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Explanation: If you are a criminal, you cannot be treated with brutality.
Example: Charles Manson was a murderer but the government did not torture him

Amendment 9

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Explanation:  The rights that aren’t specifically mentioned in the Constitution are protected.
Example:   The right to have an abortion is not mentioned in the Constitution, but women have the right to do so.

Amendment 10

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Explanation: Powers that aren’t the Federal government’s are the states’, or the people’s that live in that state.
Example: Education and marriage are two examples of some state powers.